Rules

The court measures 12,5m x 6m.

While playing, players use granule-filled balls - one white ball, six red balls and six blue balls each.

Sitting, the players throw the balls by just throwing them (with their hand or foot) kicking or by using assistive device and the help of sport assistant.

The player who got red balls in the draw begins the game by throwing the white ball (Jack) first, then he throws the first red ball. After that, the opponent throws blue ball. Later it is a turn of this player whose ball is further away from the white ball.

When throwing their balls, the players can move the balls laying on the court or bounce them.

Each player aims at situating his balls as close to the white ball as possible.

After the players throw all their balls, the end ends. The referee measures the distance between the colourful balls and the jack and announces the result, that is the sum of the balls of one colour which are situated closer to the white ball.

The game includes four (individual and pairs) or six (teams) ends.

The players who have undergone classification (BC1, BC2, BC3, BC4) can participate in both national and international ranking competitions and BC5 players only in the national ones.

Brief history of boccia

Boccia originates from Southern Europe - France and Italy. In these countries it is called „Petanque”, „Boule” and „Bocce”. It had been adapted for disabled people, mainly those with central nervous system diseases (for example, CP, Muscular dystrophy, arthrogryposis or quadriplegia). For the first time boccia appeared at the New York 1984 Paralympic Games. It had become permanent Paralympic sport since Barcelona Paralympic Games in 1992.